Asthma: Best Treatment and Asthma Types, Causes, Symptoms in 2023

Asthma is a respiratory disease. Due to which your lungs are affected. In this case, the bronchial tubes become inflamed, which makes it difficult for air to pass between the muscles and increases difficulty in breathing.

Asthma: Best Treatment and Asthma Types, Causes, Symptoms in 2023

In such a situation, wheezing sound is heard while breathing. If it is not treated at the right time, asthma can be fatal. Let us know, how asthma spreads, what deficiency causes asthma, its symptoms, causes and treatment etc.

What is asthma?

Do you know how asthma occurs? Whenever you breathe, air reaches the lungs through your nose or mouth, through the throat or through the airways. There are many small airways in your lungs, which filter oxygen from the air and deliver it to your blood. But when the lining of the airways becomes swollen and the muscles become tense, you start getting signs of asthma. Then the airways get filled with mucus and there is difficulty in breathing, due to which a condition like chest tightness and cough is felt. It is also called asthma.

What are the types of asthma?

Based on the cause and symptoms of asthma, it is divided into two parts.

1.Intermittent Asthma :

This type of asthma comes intermittently, that is, it comes and goes. In this type of asthma, you may even feel normal at times.

2 Persistent Asthma:

In this type of asthma you see symptoms most of the time. The symptoms you experience can be mild, moderate or even severe.

3.Allergic asthma:

Allergies trigger this common type of asthma. These may include:-

It is caused by dandruff in pets like cats and dogs.





Allergic asthma is seasonal. Because it goes along with seasonal allergies

4.Non-allergic asthma:

Airborne irritants related to allergies trigger this type of asthma. These problems may include:-

burning wood

cigarette smoke

cold air

air pollution

viral diseases

air freshener

Household cleaning products


5.Occupational asthma:

Occupational asthma is a type of asthma that is induced by triggers in the workplace. These include:-



gases and smoke

Industrial chemicals

animal protein

rubber latex

These bottlenecks can exist in a wide range of industries, including:





6.Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB):

Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) usually affects people within a few minutes of beginning exercise and 10 to 15 minutes after physical activity. This condition was previously called exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Up to 90 percent of people with asthma also experience EIB, but not all people with EIB will develop another type of asthma

7.Aspirin induced asthma:

Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease, also known as aspirin-induced asthma, is usually severe. This starts with taking aspirin or another NSAID, such as naproxen (Aleve) or ibuprofen (Advil).

8. Nocturnal asthma:

Symptoms that worsen at night include:

Stomach irritation

Pet dander

dust particles

The body’s natural sleep cycle can also trigger nocturnal asthma

9.Cough-variant asthma (CVA):

Cough-variant asthma (CVA) does not have the classic asthma symptoms of wheezing and shortness of breath. Its specialty is persistent dry cough. If it is not treated, CVA can lead to full-blown asthma which also includes other common symptoms.

Asthma classification includes:


Most people have this type of asthma, which does not interfere with daily activities. Symptoms are mild, lasting less than 2 days per week or less than 2 nights per month.

2.Mild persistent:

Symptoms occur more than twice a week – but not daily – and up to 4 nights per month.

3.Moderate constant:

Symptoms occur daily and at least 1 night every week, but not at night. They may limit some daily activities.

4.Severe persistent:

Symptoms occur several times every day and mostly at night. Daily activities are extremely limited

Read More : heart healthy fruits

Symptoms of Asthma

The most common symptom of asthma is wheezing. It is a hoarse or whistling sound that occurs while breathing. Other symptoms of asthma may include:–

Coughing continuously, especially at night, while laughing,

Coughing during exercise

chest tightness

Difficulty in breathing

Difficulty talking



Pain in chest

rapid breathing

Frequent infections


What symptoms do you experience? This can determine the type of asthma.

Some people experience persistent symptoms throughout the day. Others may find that certain activities make symptoms worse.

Also, keep in mind that even if your asthma is well managed, you may still experience occasional flare-ups of symptoms. Flare-ups often improve with the use of quick-acting treatments such as inhalers, but severe cases may require medical attention.

Symptoms of an asthma flare-up may include:



clearing the throat

Difficulty in sleeping

chest pain or tightness


If your symptoms worsen or do not improve with use of the inhaler, you should seek immediate medical treatment. If you experience symptoms of an asthma emergency, you should also seek treatment, which includes:-

Severe difficulty breathing

gasping for air


Pale lips or nails


Difficulty walking or talking

blue lips or nails

What is the cause of asthma?

Asthma is caused by deficiency of what? There is no single factor responsible for asthma. There are several reasons for this:-


If a parent or sibling has asthma, you are more likely to develop it.

• History of viral infection:

People with a history of serious viral infections during childhood, such as respiratory syncytial virus infection (RSV), may be more likely to develop this condition.

Many factors can also trigger asthma and make symptoms worse. Asthma triggers can vary and some people may be more sensitive to certain triggers than others.

The most common triggers include:

Health conditions, such as respiratory infections


Hygiene Hypothesis

Environmental constraints


Intense emotions

extreme weather conditions


Certain medicines such as aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

What is the treatment for asthma?

Treatment for different types of asthma includes breathing exercises, first aid, asthma control medications, and long-term treatments. Appropriate treatment is decided only after knowing the patient’s age, medical history, severity and type of the condition. Respiratory exercises increase air flow in the lungs, which helps in curing asthma. First aid treatments are medicines to provide immediate relief used during an asthma attack.


Different types of asthma treatments include breathing exercises, first aid or rest, and long-term asthma control measures. Doctors decide on the type of asthma after considering the patients’ age, medical history, etc.

Respiratory exercise increases airflow in and out of the lungs—which can cause damage to the lung muscles.

Medical treatments or depressants are medications used to provide relief during a primary asthma attack. The fourth includes deep breathing devices (inhalers) and liquid-filled microparticulate plaster devices (Nebul Brazil), broncho dilators (to relax the stem lung structure) and anti-inflammatory devices.

If DAAM’s symptoms continue for more than 20 minutes after using medical treatment, seek medical help immediately.

To control asthma for a long time, doses of medicines are available every day, in which the traditional medicine is taken every day, so that asthma remains under control.

Asthma treatments fall into four primary categories:

1.quick relief medicines

2.Long term control medications

A combination of quick relief and long term control medications. The most current asthma clinical guidelines, released in 2020 by the NAEPP, recommend this treatment. However, this treatment has not yet been approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA).

Usually only for severe forms of asthma

Biologics, which are given by injection or infusion. Your doctor will recommend treatment or a combination of treatments based on the following:

what type of asthma do you have

Your age

your triggers

Your treatment plan may include learning your triggers, carefully monitoring your symptoms, and taking steps to avoid flare-ups.

1.Quick relief treatment of asthma:

These medicines should be used only in case of asthma symptoms or attacks. Which provide relief to help you breathe again.


Bronchodilators work within minutes to relax the muscles around your airways and quickly reduce symptoms. Although they can be taken orally or injected, bronchodilators are usually taken with an inhaler or nebulizer. They can be used to treat sudden symptoms of asthma or taken before exercise to prevent flare-ups.

First aid asthma treatment:

If you think someone you know is having an asthma attack, ask them to sit up straight and help them use their rescue inhaler or nebulizer. The dosage will vary depending on the medicine. Include instructions to make sure you know how much medicine you need in case of an attack.

If symptoms persist for more than 20 minutes, and another round of medication does not help, seek emergency medical help.

If you need to use quick-relief medications often, ask your doctor about another type of medication for long-term asthma control.

2.Long term asthma control medications:

These medications are taken daily to help reduce the number and severity of your asthma symptoms, but they do not manage the immediate symptoms of an attack. Long-term asthma control medications include:-


Inhalers, taken with corticosteroids and other anti-inflammatory medicines, help reduce inflammation and mucus production in your airways, making it easier to breathe.


These help prevent your muscles from tightening around your airways. They are usually taken daily in combination with anti-inflammatory medications.

Bronchodilators that are stronger and longer acting:- These should only be used in combination with anti-inflammatory asthma medications


Doctors use biologics to treat severe asthma that does not respond to treatment by other medications or trigger control. They target specific antibodies in your body and then act on it. This disrupts the pathway that causes inflammation that causes asthma. There are five types of biologic drugs on the market, and others in development. These medications are given in your doctor’s office. which must be administered by injection or by infusion

Bronchial thermoplasty:

This treatment uses an electrode to heat the airways inside the lungs, helping to reduce the size of the surrounding muscle and preventing it from tightening. This minimally invasive procedure is performed in a doctor’s clinic or in a hospital and takes about an hour. Bronchial thermoplasty is for people with severe asthma and can provide relief from symptoms for up to 5 years. However, because this is a relatively new procedure, it is not yet widely available.

Diagnosis of asthma:

Any kind of investigation does not reveal the price. A variety of standards have been set that require Dama reunification:

Family medical history

Family members with breathing disorders may increase the disability of asthma in other family members.

Physical examination

The doctor uses an ala (stethoscope) to check breathing, examine the skin for signs of allergic disease such as hives or eczema. Allergy increases the risk of asthma.

Breathing tests

Pulmonary tests such as spirometry check for airflow in and out of the trachea.

Asthma prevention:

Maintain distance from idols and statues which are causing breathing problems in the first place.

Stay away from allergens like dust, dirt or molecules.

Take anti-allergy medication that has harmful effects against the body.

Take therapeutic medicines only as per doctor’s advice.

Since researchers have not yet identified the exact cause of asthma, it is challenging to know how to prevent the inflammatory condition. However, more is known about preventing asthma attacks.

These strategies include:

1. Avoiding triggers:-Stay away from chemicals, scents or products that have caused breathing problems in the past.

2.Reduced exposure to allergens:- If you have identified allergens, such as dust or mold, that trigger asthma attacks, avoid them if possible.

3.Getting allergy shots:- Allergen immunotherapy is a type of treatment that can help change your immune system. With regular shots, your body may become less sensitive to any triggers you encounter.

4.Taking preventive medicine:- Your doctor may prescribe medicine for you to take on a daily basis. This medicine can be used in addition to the medicine you use in an emergency.

Your doctor can help you create an asthma action plan so you know what treatments to use and when to use them. In addition to using maintenance medications, you can take steps every day to help make yourself healthier and reduce your risk of asthma attacks. These include:-

Eating a healthy diet:

Eating a healthy, balanced diet can help improve your overall health.

Maintaining a moderate weight:

Asthma gets worse in people who are overweight and obese. Losing weight is healthy for your heart, your joints, and your lungs.

Quit smoking, if you smoke:

Stimulants like cigarette smoke can trigger asthma and increase your risk for COPD.

Exercising regularly:

Activity can trigger asthma attacks, but regular exercise can actually help reduce the risk of breathing problems.

Managing stress:

Stress can be a trigger for asthma symptoms. Stress can make it more difficult to prevent an asthma attack.

Nutrient-rich foods are important to help reduce symptoms, but food allergies can trigger asthma symptoms.

What is the home remedy for asthma?

There are many home remedies for asthma, which can help in preventing your asthma. Following are some of their effective solutions.

• Ginger – Cut ginger into small pieces and boil for five minutes. After that, filter the water and drink it after it cools down.

• Garlic – Take garlic in a glass of milk and boil it well. Then let it cool. And drink it.

•Coffee – Coffee is a good bronchodilator.

•Figs – Soak three figs in water overnight. You can eat it on an empty stomach as soon as you wake up in the morning

• Mustard oil – Add some camphor in mustard oil and heat it. After that, when it cools down, massage the chest thoroughly.

What should be avoided in asthma?

If asthma patients do not abstain from eating and drinking, their disease worsens. Patients should avoid eating the following things.

Packaged food

Alcohol and pickles


Cold thing

A lot of fried things

Summary :

Asthma is a serious disease in which the respiratory tract is affected. There are two types of asthma. First asthma (cough) comes intermittently, second comes continuously. Asthma attack symptoms may include chest tightness, difficulty in breathing, etc. Asthma can also be treated with some home remedies.

Apart from this, if you already have any problem or you want to be prepared for future problems, then health insurance can prove to be very beneficial for you. This insurance policy covers your treatment expenses and you do not become financially vulnerable.

Care Health Insurance provides you coverage for multiple diseases at once, where you get many options ranging from day-care treatment to many more, which you can choose as per your convenience.

To avoid many such problems, you can buy “Critical Illness Insurance Plan”Which also provides the facility of annual heart health checkup along with many coverages.


Consult your doctor before taking any kind of treatment in cases related to asthma. Fulfillment of heart disease claims is subject to the terms and conditions of the policy.

Comman QnA

1.Is asthma curable?

Generally asthma cannot be cured, but we can cure it to some extent by controlling its symptoms. Since asthma often changes over time, it is important that you work with your doctor to track your signs and symptoms and adjust your treatment as needed.

2. Why does asthma worsen at night?

The exact reason why asthma becomes worse during sleep is not known, but there are explanations that include increased exposure to allergens; cooling of the airways; To be in an inclined position; and hormone secretion (inclined position) that follows a circadian patternAre.



Sleep may also cause changes in bronchial –function

3. Which foods help with asthma?

Almonds, hazelnuts, and raw seeds are good sources for asthma patients, along with some vegetables. There are also cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and kale. Vitamin E contains tocopherol, a chemical that may help reduce coughing and wheezing caused by your asthma

4.At what age does asthma start?

Asthma can begin at any age, but it often begins in childhood when your child’s immune system is still developing. Most children who have asthma develop their first symptoms by age 5. Asthma may cause your child to miss school and even end up in the hospital.

5.What to do for immediate relief from asthma?

Anti-inflammatory properties present in nigella seeds prove beneficial in the treatment of asthma. ,


Honey helps in reducing the symptoms of asthma and also helps in better sleep. ,

Drink turmeric water for asthma problem. ,

Boil garlic in water, and drink it when it becomes slightly lukewarm.Take ginger with honey.

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